Migraine is a medical condition that involves severe, recurring headaches and other symptoms. Before the headache, there may be sensory changes that are known as an aura.

A migraine episode is different from a headache unrelated to migraine. An episode usually occurs in stages and can last for several days. It can affect a person’s daily life, including their ability to work or study.

How migraine affects people can also vary. There is a range of triggers, severity, symptoms, and frequency. Some people have more than ONE each week, while others have them only occasionally.

In 2018, researchers found that MORE THEN 15% of adults in the United States had experienced a migraine episode or a severe headache within the last 3 months.

Figures from 2015 found that migraine affects just over 19%of females and 9% of males. Episodes often occur from the ages of 18 to 44 years, but they can happen at any time, including during childhood.

Symptoms of migraine tend to occur in stages:

Before the headache: According to older research, around 20 _60% of people experience symptoms that start hours, or possibly days, before the headache. These include physical and sensory symptoms, such as aura.

During the headache: Alongside a mild to severe throbbing or pulsing headache, symptoms may include nausea, vomiting, and nasal congestion.

Resolution: Tiredness and irritability may last another 2 days, and this period is sometimes called the “migraine hangover.”

Other common features are:

  • head pain that worsens during physical activity or straining
  • an inability to perform regular activities due to pain
  • increased sensitivity to light and sound that lying quietly in a darkened room relieves

Other symptoms may include sweating, temperature changes, a stomachache, and diarrhea

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